History and theory in anthropology pdf
Applying Evolutionary Anthropology
This syllabus was assembled collectively as a final project of the graduate Social Theory class in the Applied Anthropology program at Oregon State University. The authors welcome new sections or additions in the comments. Keep in mind the core objective of this syllabus: to challenge the Eurocentricity of anthropological thought and education by exploring influential, though historically ignored, voices in anthropology. The project of re-writing better histories is urgent and ongoing. A full PDF version of the syllabus can be found here. The purpose of this syllabus is to remake anthropological social theory by highlighting sources frequently omitted from conventionally taught History of Anthropology or Social Theory courses.
Cultural anthropology is a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation among humans. It is in contrast to social anthropology , which perceives cultural variation as a subset of the anthropological constant. Cultural anthropology has a rich methodology , including participant observation often called fieldwork because it requires the anthropologist spending an extended period of time at the research location , interviews , and surveys. One of the earliest articulations of the anthropological meaning of the term " culture " came from Sir Edward Tylor who writes on the first page of his book: "Culture, or civilization, taken in its broad, ethnographic sense, is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society. Gordon Childe , with culture forming an umbrella term and civilization becoming a particular kind of culture.
History of anthropology in this article refers primarily to the 18th- and 19th-century precursors of modern anthropology. The term anthropology itself, innovated as a New Latin scientific word during the Renaissance , has always meant "the study or science of man". The topics to be included and the terminology have varied historically. At present they are more elaborate than they were during the development of anthropology. For a presentation of modern social and cultural anthropology as they have developed in Britain, France, and North America since approximately , see the relevant sections under Anthropology. It first appears sporadically in the scholarly Latin anthropologia of Renaissance France, where it spawns the French word anthropologie , transferred into English as anthropology.