Veterans and agent orange book
Dr. Orange: The Scientist Who Insists Agent Orange Isn’t Hurting America’s Veterans
NCBI Bookshelf. Have U. This definitive volume summarizes the strength of the evidence associating exposure during Vietnam service with cancer and other health effects and presents conclusions from an expert panel. Veterans and Agent Orange provides a historical review of the issue, examines studies of populations, in addition to Vietnam veterans, environmentally and occupationally exposed to herbicides and dioxin, and discusses problems in study methodology. The core of the book presents.
NCBI Bookshelf. From to , the U. Mixtures of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid 2,4-D , 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid 2,4,5-T , picloram, and cacodylic acid made up the bulk of the herbicides sprayed. The main chemical mixture sprayed was Agent Orange, a mixture of 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T. At the time of the spraying, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin TCDD , the most toxic form of dioxin, was an unintended contaminant generated during the production of 2,4,5-T and so was present in Agent Orange and some other formulations sprayed in Vietnam. Because of complaints from returning Vietnam veterans about their own health and that of their children combined with emerging toxicologic evidence of adverse effects of phenoxy herbicides and TCDD, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine was asked to perform a comprehensive evaluation of scientific and medical information regarding the health effects of exposure to Agent Orange, other herbicides used in Vietnam, and the various components of those herbicides, including TCDD. Updated evaluations were conducted every two years to review newly available literature and draw conclusions from the overall evidence.
This story originally appeared on ProPublica and the Virginian-Pilot. A few years ago, retired Maj. Wes Carter was picking his way through a stack of internal Air Force memos, searching for clues that might help explain his recent heart attack and prostate cancer diagnosis. His eyes caught on several recommendations spelled out in all capital letters:. A Pentagon consultant was recommending that Air Force officials quickly and discreetly chop up and melt down a fleet of C aircraft that had once sprayed the toxic herbicide Agent Orange across Vietnam. The Air Force, Carter saw in the records , had followed those suggestions. Carter, now 70, had received the memos in response to public records requests he filed after recalling the chemical stench in a C he crewed on as an Air Force reservist in the years after the Vietnam War.
Between and , the U. The devastating mission, dubbed Operation Ranch Hand, used various herbicides in an effort to defoliate the forest, making hidden enemies easier to spot, and to destroy food crops used by the North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong. Each herbicide was denoted by a specific color and named after the markings on their barrels. Among them, History. But the most common gallon drum found on military bases was Agent Orange, which came in various strengths and made up about two-thirds of the herbicides spread during the war. In , veterans of the Vietnam War won a major victory with the passage of the Agent Orange Act, which acknowledged that these powerful herbicides were strongly linked to various cancers and other diseases later in life. The bill authorized special health benefits to those exposed to the chemicals.
Sadly though, as time goes by we are finding that those who made it home oftentimes brought the deadly echoes of war home with them. However, the wall does not document any names of the estimated 2. Vietnam War veterans search for names on the Vietnam War Memorial as thousands of bikers and military veterans take part in the 31st annual Rolling Thunder Ride for Freedom motorcycle parade in Washington DC, on May 27, In total, the U. However, according to the EPA , Agent Orange, which contains the poisonous chemical dioxin, was the most commonly used. And among those who were lucky enough to survive the trenches of Vietnam, the health issues — now generations later — have been a living nightmare.